Tuesday, 22 November 2011

Diabetes Eye Complications

What are diabetes problems?

Too much glucose in the blood for a long time can cause diabetes problems. This high blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can damage many parts of the body, such as the heart, blood vessels, eyes, and kidneys. Heart and blood vessel disease can lead to heart attacks and strokes. You can do a lot to prevent or slow down diabetes problems.This booklet is about eye problems caused by diabetes. You will learn the things you can do each day and during each year to stay healthy and prevent diabetes problems.

Diabetic Eye  Problems

Diabetic retinopathy happens when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside your retina. You may not notice at first. Symptoms can include

    * Blurry or double vision
    * Rings, flashing lights or blank spots
    * Dark or floating spots
    * Pain or pressure in one or both of your eyes
    * Trouble seeing things out of the corners of your eyes

Finding and treating problems early may save your vision. Treatment often includes laser treatment or surgery. Diabetic eye disease has no warning signs. Finding and treating the disease early, before it causes vision loss or blindness, is the best way to control diabetic eye disease. If you have diabetes, make sure you get a dilated eye examination at least once a year.

What happens as diabetes retina problems get worse?

As diabetes retina problems get worse, new blood vessels grow. These new blood vessels are weak. They break easily and leak blood into the vitreous of your eye. The leaking blood keeps light from reaching the retina.You may see floating spots or almost total darkness. A detached retina can cause loss of sight or blindness if you don't take care of it right away.

Prevention of Diabetes

Follow the healthy eating plan that you and your doctor or dietitian have worked out.
Take your medicines as directed
Check your blood glucose every day.
Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, sores, swelling, redness, or sore toenails.
Control your blood pressure and cholesterol.

What can I do to prevent diabetes eye problems?

Keep your blood glucose and blood pressure as close to normal as you can.
Have an eye care professional examine your eyes once a year.  The eye care professional will use drops to make the black part of your eyes-pupils-bigger. This process is called dilating your pupil

Drink Lots of Fluids

Drink plenty of sugar-free fluids to keep your body from getting dried out (dehydrated). Drink at least 12 8-ounce cups of fluid a day.Fluids you can drink if you are dehydrated are:

    * Water
    * Club soda
    * Diet soda
    * Tomato juice
    * Chicken broth

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